Questions Read the passage about personal computers below and look at the statements below Questions There are two computers and two printers available for public use at the library. You can buy floppy disks at the information desk. The information desk is closed at weekends. It is essential to reserve a computer three days in advance if you want to use one.
If you are more than a quarter of an hour late, you could lose your reservation for the computer. Library employees do not have detailed knowledge of computers.
The library runs courses for people who want to learn about computers. There is also an ink jet printer attached to each terminal. The library has a number of commercially available programs for word processing and spreadsheets. Alternatively, you can bring your own paper. If you wish to store information, however, you will need to bring your own floppy disk. Bookings Because of high demand, a maximum of one hour's use per person per day is permitted.
Bookings may be made up to three days in advance. Bookings may be made in person at the information desk or by phoning during normal office hours. If for some reason you cannot keep your appointment, please telephone. If the library is not notified and you are 15 minutes late, your time can be given to someone else. Please sign in the visitors' book at the information desk when you first arrive to use the computer. Please note that staff are not available to train people or give a lot of detailed instruction on how to use the programs.
Prior knowledge is, therefore, necessary. However, tutorial groups are available for some of the programs and classes are offered on a regular basis. Please see the loans desk for more information about our computer courses. Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs B-G from the list of headings below.Plex netflix pre roll
Write the appropriate numbers i-ix in boxes on your answer sheet. NB There are more headings than paragraphs, so you will not use all of them. A Because Atlas courses start every Monday of the year, there's bound to be one that fits in with your academic, personal or professional commitments. Whatever your level of language ability, from beginner to advanced, you can choose to study for any length of time, from two weeks to a full year.
Courses match a range of individual requirements, from intensive examination preparation to short summer programmes. Most courses commence at 9 am and run till 3 pm. B If you take an intensive full-time course, we will help you to select the Special Interest Options which best suit your goals. From then on, our teacher will discuss your work with you on a weekly basis. This means that you should develop the language skills you need and that you are helped to study at your own pace.
C The popularity and success of any language school depend greatly on the quality of the teachers and the methods they employ. All Atlas teachers have specialist qualifications in the teaching of English to foreign students and are all native speakers.You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions which are based on the Reading Passage below.
Robotic approach to crop breeding Jennifer Manyweathers takes a look at a robot that is being used to identify drought-tolerant crop varieties A The Australian sunflower industry is the major source of polyunsaturated fatty acids found in margarines and spreads. Recognised as the type of fatty acid most able to protect against heart disease, it is in everybody's best interest that Australia has a competitive and healthy sunflower industry, but in Australia, there is a constant struggle with the harsh climate.
However, thanks to one special robot, farmers may be able to win the battle against drought. B Dr Chris Lambrides, a research fellow at the University of Queensland, is nearing the end of a project that aims to develop more drought tolerant sunflowers by selecting flowers that use water more efficiently.
C Plants undergo photosynthesis to produce energy in the form of sugar. This involves allowing carbon dioxide to enter the leaves through pores called stomata. Transpiration is the mechanism by which plants lose water through their leaves.
This system is thought to facilitate the passage of minerals through the plant and is vital for healthy plants. D However, in conditions of drought, the plants that can use the available water efficiently and lose less to the environment will be more likely to thrive and, in a commercial sense become more profitable.
These plants are classified as having a high transpiration efficiency. When plants transpire, the leaves become cooler due to evaporation. Therefore, by measuring the temperature of the leaves, scientists can determine how much water is being lost through transpiration.
E When the project first began, the researchers used hand-held infrared thermometers to measure the temperature difference between leaves of different varieties of sunflowers in an experimental plot. Wind can affect leaf temperature, and the research team discovered that its initial approach did not cater for changes in wind speed, which could not be controlled as an experimental variable. The team, therefore, needed a technique to measure temperature continuously that would allow it to examine the effects of other variables such as humidity.
They needed a robot. F They designed a robot with two infrared thermometers set at to each other. The robot runs on an oblong track around the experimental plot and the thermometers operate on each side of the track.
In order to minimize any variables from the two thermometers, they are rotated at the beginning of each run and the results are averaged. The infrared thermometers can be rotated on an angle to examine different parts of the foliage. G The robot is also able to detect light intensity. It has a garage on the track, where it waits until the light intensity is high enough to give useful results. If the skies darken due to rain, heavy cloud cover or sunset, the robot makes its way back to the garage to wait.
H The main difficulty faced by the research group was to find an agronomist who could grow the perfect crop of sunflowers. The sunflower canopy had to be complete, with no visible soil, 50 that the thermometers would only measure the temperature of the plants and not the surrounding environment.Kopalniaki cena
Eight varieties of sunflower were examined. The data collected by the robot has been used by the research team to determine which variety has the highest transpiration efficiency. I This is not the first time such methods have been used to determine drought-resistance in plants. The team and their robot have already made a major breakthrough in the Australian wheat industry with Drysdale Wheat, which signalled the arrival of a new technique for selecting drought-resistant species. Questions Complete the sentences with words taken from the passage.
Questions The reading passage has nine paragraphs labelled A-I. Which paragraph contains the following information? Write the correct letter A-I in boxes on your answer sheet.No matter how much we talk about tasting our favorite flavors, relishing them really depends on a combined input from our senses that we experience through mouth, tongue and nose. Certainly, our mouths and tongues have taste buds, which are receptors for the five basic flavors: sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and umami, or what is more commonly referred to as savory.
But our tongues are inaccurate instruments as far as flavor is concerned. They evolved to recognise only a few basic tastes in order to quickly identify toxins, which in nature are often quite bitter or acidly sour. All the complexity, nuance, and pleasure of flavor come from the sense of smell operating in the back of the nose. It is there that a kind of alchemy occurs when we breathe up and out the passing whiffs of our chewed food.
Primates specialise in savoring the many millions of flavor combinations that they can create for their mouths.
Taste without retronasal smell is not much help in recognising flavor. In many ways, he is discovering that smell is rather like face recognition.
The visual system detects patterns of light and dark and, building on experience, the brain creates a spatial map. It uses this to interpret the interrelationship of the patterns and draw conclusions that allow us to identify people and places.
In the same way, we use patterns and ratios to detect both new and familiar flavors. As we eat, specialised receptors in the back of the nose detect the air molecules in our meals. From signals sent by the receptors, the brain understands smells as complex spatial patterns. Using these, as well as input from the other senses, it constructs the idea of specific flavors.
This ability to appreciate specific aromas turns out to be central to the pleasure we get from food, much as our ability to recognise individuals is central to the pleasures of social life. The process is so embedded in our brains that our sense of smell is critical to our enjoyment of life at large.Electron configuration of lithium
Recent studies show that people who lose the ability to smell become socially insecure, and their overall level of happiness plummets. Working out the role of smell in flavor interests food scientists, psychologists, and cooks alike. The relatively new discipline of molecular gastronomy, especially, relies on understanding the mechanics of aroma to manipulate flavor for maximum impact. The brain creates images of unfamiliar smells by relating them to other more familiar smells.
Go back in history and this was part of our survival repertoire; like most animals, we drew on our sense of smell, when visual information was scarce, to single out prey. Visual and sound cues contribute, such as crunching, as does touch, including the texture and feel of food on our lips and in our mouths. Then there are the taste receptors, and finally, the smell, activated when we inhale. The engagement of our emotions can be readily illustrated when we picture some of the wide- ranging facial expressions that are elicited by various foods — many of them hard-wired into our brains at birth.
Consider the response to the sharpness of a lemon and compare that with the face that is welcoming the smooth wonder of chocolate. The flavor-sensing system, ever receptive to new combinations, helps to keep our brains active and flexible. It also has the power to shape our desires and ultimately our bodies.
On the horizon we have the positive application of neurogastronomy: manipulating flavor to curb our appetites. Questions Complete the notes below.Hi, I'm Liz. Click here: Medical Robots Reading. I am really impressed with your contributions towards the IELTS exams; It actually shows that you want every candidate to be well prepared for the exam. Thanks very much.
And question is that if its being used in all countries? So there is a a clear evedence that writer has mentioned this in content. Can u please reply to clear my concept?
Reading Lesson for IELTS: Medical Robots
This question has been explained to a student in a previous comment — please review all comments on this page for your answer. I found one particular statement tricky as it was not complete. In the text the statement was giving two reasons for a successful research which was the topic of this reading part.
Then in the question, there was only one reason mentioned as a fundamental rule of a successful research. Could you please help? Hi Liz, I have a question related to reading task. I gave false as the answer. Thank you. It is a match. Hi mam, Your app SoundCloud is not working when you give a link to listen audio. Anything is not playing on them. Pls fix this problem first. Thanks a lot. Good luck!!
Thanks for your reply. Is there any list of such verbs in your site?? Is it true that phrasal verbs dramatically increase writing score? Oh gosh!! Its helpful. Got all correct answers…However I stuck in question no. Should not the answer to question number 2 be false? This has been explained in a previous comment to a student.The following Reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-G. Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs A-B and D-G from the list of headings below.
Write the appropriate numbers i-ix in boxes on your answer sheet. NB There are more headings than paragraphs: so you will not use all of them. Essay Vocabulary Topics Related Vocabulary.
A The newspaper production process has come a long way from the old days when the paper was written, edited, typeset and ultimately printed in one building with the journalists working on the upper floors and the printing presses going on the ground floor. These days the editor, subeditors and journalists who put the paper together are likely to find themselves in a totally different building or maybe even in a different city.
This is the situation which now prevails in Sydney. The daily paper is compiled at the editorial headquarters, known as the prepress centre, in the heart of the city, but printed far away in the suburbs at the printing centre.
Here human beings are in the minority as much of the work is done by automated machines controlled by computers. The system of transmission is an update on the sophisticated page facsimile system already in use in many other newspapers. An imagesetter at the printing centre delivers the pages as films. Each page takes less than a minute to produce, although for colour pages four versions, once each for black, cyan, magenta and yellow are sent. C A procession of automated vehicles is busy at the new printing centre where the Sydney Morning Herald is printed each day.
With lights flashing and warning horns honking, the robots to give them their correct name, the LGVs or laser guided vehicles look for all the world like enthusiastic machines from a science fiction movie, as they follow their own random paths around the plant busily getting on with their jobs. Automation of this kind is now standard in all modern newspaper plants.
The LGVs collect the appropriate size paper reels and take them where they have to go.IELTS READING BLANKS 9 BAND TRICKS TIPS TECHNIQUES BY PARVINDER RANDHAWA GURU IBSL AMBALA
When the press needs another reel its computer alerts the LGV system. The Sydney LGVs move busily around the press room fulfilling their two key functions to collect reels of newsprint either from the reel stripping stations or from the racked supplies in the newsprint storage area. At the stripping station, the tough wrapping that helps to protect a reel of paper from rough handling is removed.
Any damaged paper is peeled off and the reel is then weighed. E Then one of the four paster-robots moves in. Specifically designed for the job, it trims the paper neatly and prepares the reel for the press.
If required the reel can be loaded directly onto the press; if not needed immediately, an LGV takes it to the storage area. When the press computer calls for a reel, an LGV takes it to the reel loading area of the presses.
It lifts the reel into the loading position and places it in the correct spot with complete accuracy.Cmake regex remove
As each reel is used up, the press drops the heavy cardboard core into a waste bin. When the bin is full, another LGV collects it and deposits the cores into a shredder for recycling. F The LGVs move at walking speed. Should anyone step in front of one or get too close, sensors stop the vehicle until the path is clear. And all this is achieved with absolute minimum human input and a much reduced risk of injury to people working in the printing centres.
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Reply Quote. Vishwa 8 months 23 days. Roshmi 9 months 8 days. Bharath 1 year 1 month. Amr Wady 2 years.They may not be walking, talking, human-like sentient beings, but they are clever… and a little creepy. Q1 At first sight it looked like a typical suburban road accident.
A Land Rover approached a Chevy Tahoe estate car that had stopped at a kerb; the Land Rover pulled out and tried to pass the Tahoe just as it started off again.
There was a crack of fenders and the sound of paintwork being scraped, the kind of minor mishap that occurs on roads thousands of times every day.
Normally drivers get out, gesticulate, exchange insurance details and then drive off. Q1 But not on this occasion. The idea that machines could perform to such standards is startling. Driving is a complex task that takes humans a long time to perfect. Yet here, each car had its Q11 on-board computer loaded with a digital map and route plans, and was instructed to negotiate busy roads; differentiate between pedestrians and stationary objects; determine whether other vehicles were parked or moving off; and handle various parking manoeuvres, which robots turn out to be unexpectedly adept at.
Even more striking was the fact that the collision between the robot Land Rover, built by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Tahoe, fitted out by Cornell University Artificial Intelligence AI experts, was the only scrape in the entire competition. It is a remarkable transition that has clear implications for the car of the future. More importantly, Q3 it demonstrates how robotics sciences and Artificial Intelligence have progressed in the past few years — a point stressed by Bill Gates, the Microsoft boss who is a convert to these causes.
As he points out, electronics companies make toys that mimic pets and children with increasing sophistication. What is the potential for robots and computers in the near future? So what are the stumbling blocks? One key difficulty is getting robots to know their place. This has nothing to do with class or etiquette, but concerns the simple issue of positioning. Q4 Humans orient themselves with other objects in a room very easily. Robots find the task almost impossible.
This has, until recently, reduced robots to fairly static and cumbersome roles. For a long time, Q5 researchers tried to get round the problem by attempting to re-create the visual processing that goes on in the human cortex. However, that challenge has proved to be singularly exacting and complex. Instead, we are looking for simpler solutions with basic electronic sensors, for example.
This approach is exemplified by vacuuming robots such as the Electrolux Trilobite. The Trilobite scuttles around homes emitting Q12 ultrasound signals to create maps of rooms, which are remembered for future cleaning.
Technology like this is now changing the face of robotics, says philosopher Ron Chrisley, director of the Centre for Research in Cognitive Science at the University of Sussex in England. Last year, Q6 a new Hong Kong restaurant, Robot Kitchen, opened with a couple of sensor-laden humanoid machines directing customers to their seats. Each possesses a Q13 touch-screen on which orders can be keyed in. The robot then returns with the correct dishes.
The ultimate aim is to provide robot home helpers for the sick and the elderly, a key concern in a country like Japan where 22 per cent of the population is 65 or older. Machines such as these take researchers into the field of socialised robotics: Q7 how to make robots act in a way that does not scare or offend individuals. Read more. Your email address will not be published.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A Q1 At first sight it looked like a typical suburban road accident. B The idea that machines could perform to such standards is startling. C It is a remarkable transition that has clear implications for the car of the future.
E For a long time, Q5 researchers tried to get round the problem by attempting to re-create the visual processing that goes on in the human cortex.Similar words in Passage. The recent spillage of crude oil from an oil tanker accidentally discharging its cargo straight into Sydney Harbour not only caused serious damage to the harbour foreshores but also created severely toxic fumes which hung over the suburbs for days and left the angry residents wondering how such a disaster could have been allowed to happen.
Avoiding pollution can be a fulltime job. Try not to inhale traffic fumes; keep away from chemical plants and building-sites; wear a mask when cycling.
IELTS Academic Reading 9 - Passage 2
The researchers found that baths, showers, dishwashers and washing machines can all be significant sources of indoor pollutionbecause they extract trace amounts of chemicals from the water that they use and transfer them to the air.
It is mentioned that baths, showers, dishwashers and washing machines can all be significant sources of indoor pollution. This means pollution can be caused by dishwashers and baths. But before worrying about the problems caused by large-scale industry, it makes sense to consider the small-scale pollution at home and welcome international debate about this. Scientists investigating indoor pollution will gather next month in Edinburgh at the Indoor Air conference to discuss the problem.
A The focus of pollution moves to the home. B The levels of carbon monoxide rise. D People demand an explanation. E Environmentalists look elsewhere for an explanation. F Chemicals are effectively stripped from the water. G A clean odour is produced.
Reading 4 - Passage 3
H Sales of bottled water increase. I The levels of carbon dioxide rise. J The chlorine content of drinking water increased. Q7 : Causes: Industrialised nations use a lot of energy. This means the natural resources are unequally shared. The effect of this cause here should be C. Q8 : Oil spills into the sea.
The recent spillage of crude oil from an oil tanker accidentally discharging its cargo straight into Sydney Harbour…left the angry residents wondering how such a disaster could have been allowed to happen.
Keywords in Questions. Q9: The researchers publish their findings. Answer: A. The focus of pollution moves to the home.Happy birthday with love
The latest study, conducted by two environmental engineersRichard Corsi and Cynthia Howard-Reed, of the University of Texas in Austin, and published in Environmental Science and Technology, suggests that it is the process of keeping clean that may be making indoor pollution worse. Q10 : Water is brought to a high temperature. Dishwashers were found to be particularly effective: the high-temperature spray, splashing against the crockery and cutlery, results in a nasty plume of toxic chemicals that escapes when the door is opened at the end of the cycle.
This means high temperature spray can strip chemicals from water. Chemicals are effectively stripped from the water. People fear pollutants in tap water. This means the sales of bottle water may increase. Sales of bottled water increase.
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